Legend[ edit ] The churning of the Ocean of Milk, in a bazaar art print, c. Indra accepted the gift and placed it on the trunk of the elephant as a test to prove that he was not an egoistic deva. The elephant, knowing that Indra had no control over his own ego, threw the garland on the ground. This enraged the sage as the garland was a dwelling of Sri fortune and was to be treated as a prasada or religious offering. Durvasa cursed Indra and all devas to be bereft of all strength, energy, and fortune. The Devas formed an alliance with the Asuras to jointly churn the ocean for the nectar of immortality and to share it among themselves.
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Legend[ edit ] The churning of the Ocean of Milk, in a bazaar art print, c. Indra accepted the gift and placed it on the trunk of the elephant as a test to prove that he was not an egoistic deva. The elephant, knowing that Indra had no control over his own ego, threw the garland on the ground.
This enraged the sage as the garland was a dwelling of Sri fortune and was to be treated as a prasada or religious offering. Durvasa cursed Indra and all devas to be bereft of all strength, energy, and fortune. The Devas formed an alliance with the Asuras to jointly churn the ocean for the nectar of immortality and to share it among themselves.
However, Vishnu told the Devas that he would arrange for them alone to obtain the nectar. In some versions, Vishnu knew that Vasuki would vomit poisonous flames when twisted and pulled, and therefore advised the Devas to hold the tail end of the snake, without telling them the reason. First, the Devas held the head end of the snake, while the Asuras held the tail end.
The Asuras were enraged by this, as the lower part of an animal is impure, or less pure, than the part that contains the head. They insisted on holding the head side of the snake. Vishnu had an inkling that his reverse psychology would work. The Asuras demanded to hold the head of the snake, while the Devas, taking advice from Vishnu, agreed to hold its tail.
When the mountain was placed in the ocean, it began to sink. Vishnu, in the form of Kurma lit. The Asuras were poisoned by fumes emitted by Vasuki. The Samudra Manthana process released a number of things from the Ocean of Milk. One of them was the lethal poison known as Halahala. However, in some versions of the story, the poison escaped from the mouth of the serpent king as the demons and gods churned. This terrified the gods and demons because the poison was so powerful that it could destroy all of creation.
The Devas then approached Shiva for protection. Shiva consumed the poison to protect the three worlds and which in the process gave a blue hue to his throat. In some versions as Shiva drank the poison, he was suffering intense pain, but could not die, as seen by Parvati , his consort. She immediately places a hand on his throat, stopping the poison to flow any further, and by her Maya stopped it forever.
Ratnas[ edit ] Sagar Manthana All kinds of herbs were cast into the ocean and fourteen Ratnas gems or treasures were produced from it and were divided between the Asuras and the Devas. Though usually the Ratnas are enumerated as 14, the list in the scriptures ranges from 9 to 14 Ratnas. There were three categories of Goddesses which emerged from the ocean; most lists include:  Lakshmi : the Devi of Fortune and Wealth, who accepted Vishnu as Her eternal consort.
Apsaras : various divine nymphs like Rambha , Menaka , Punjisthala etc. Varuni : taken - somewhat reluctantly she appeared dishevelled and argumentative - by the Asuras. Airavata and several other elephants, taken by Indra. Uchhaishravas : the divine seven-headed horse, given to Bali. Three valuables were also produced: Kaustubha : the most valuable ratnam divine jewel in the world, worn by Vishnu. Parijata : the divine flowering tree with blossoms that never fade or wilt, taken to Indraloka by the Devas.
Sharanga : a powerful bow, given to Lord Vishnu. Dhanvantari : the " Vaidya of the Devas" with Amrita , the nectar of immortality. At times, considered as two separate Ratna Halahala : the poison swallowed by Shiva. This list varies from Purana to Purana and is also slightly different in the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Fierce fighting ensued between the Devas and the Asuras for it.
To protect it from the Asuras, Garuda took the pot and flew away from the battlefield. An Asura named Svarbhanu disguised himself as a deva and drank some nectar. Due to their luminous nature, the Sun god Surya and the moon god Chandra noticed this disguise. From that day, his head was called Rahu and his body Ketu , which both later became planets. Although, rahu only has a head and no body.
So the god moon chandra comes out from the throat of rahu and we see the moon again in sky. A Kumbh Mela is celebrated at these four places every twelve years for this reason. People believe that after bathing there during the Kumbha mela, one can attain moksha. Therefore, multiple scholars, including R. Bhattacharya, D. Dubey and Kama Maclean believe that the Samudra Manthana legend has been applied to the Kumbha Mela relatively recently, in order to show scriptural authority for the mela.
Hindu Maha Samudram Vol 3
Maujas This article about a s action film is a stub. University of the South Pacific. The denouement puts Isahak in a dilemma. One outcome of this conflict was the call by Muslims for hibdu representation in the Legislative Council. The formation of the organisation both in India and Fiji occurred after the assassination of Swami Shraddhananda Hindu activist in India.
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