Read preview Synopsis Providing an accessible introduction to the study of word-formation, this text focuses specifically on English. Students are encouraged to undertake their own morphological analysis of English words, and are introduced to the methodological tools for obtaining and analyzing relevant data. Excerpt The existence of words is usually taken for granted by the speakers of a language. To speak and understand a language means — among many other things — knowing the words of that language. The average speaker knows thousands of words, and new words enter our minds and our language on a daily basis.
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Inhaltsangabe Preface to the first edition; Preface to the second edition; Abbreviations and notational conventions; Introduction: what this book is about and how it can be used; 1. Basic concepts; 1. What is a word? Studying word-formation; 1. Inflection and derivation; 1. Summary; Further reading; Exercises; 2. Studying complex words; 2.
Identifying morphemes; 2. The morpheme as the minimal linguistic sign; 2. Problems with the morpheme: the mapping of form and meaning; 2. Allomorphy; 2. Establishing word-formation rules; 2. Multiple affixation and compounding; 2.
Summary; Further reading; Exercises; 3. Productivity and the mental lexicon; 3. Introduction: what is productivity? Possible and actual words; 3. Complex words in the lexicon; 3. Measuring productivity; 3.
Constraining productivity; 3. Pragmatic restrictions; 3. Structural restrictions; 3. Blocking; 3. Summary; Further reading; Exercises; 4. Affixation; 4. What is an affix? How to investigate affixes: more on methodology; 4. General properties of English affixation; 4. Phonological properties; 4.
Morphological properties; 4. Semantic properties; 4. Classifying affixes; 4. Suffixes; 4. Nominal suffixes; 4. Verbal suffixes; 4. Adjectival suffixes; 4. Adverbial suffixes; 4. Prefixes; 4. Infixation; 4. Summary; Further reading; Exercises; 5.
Derivation without affixation; 5. Conversion; 5. The directionality of conversion; 5. Conversion or zero-affixation? Conversion: syntactic or morphological? Prosodic morphology; 5. Truncations: truncated names, -y diminutives, and clippings; 5. Blends; 5. Abbreviations and acronyms; 5. Summary; Further reading; Exercises; 6.
Compounding; 6. Recognising compounds; 6. What are compounds made of? More on the structure of compounds: the notion of head; 6. Canonical and non-canonical compounds; 6. Summary; 6. An inventory of compounding patterns; 6. Nominal compounds; 6.
Headedness; 6. Interpreting nominal compounds; 6. Stress assignment; 6. Adjectival compounds; 6. Verbal compounds; 6. Compounding: syntax or morphology? Summary; Further reading; Exercises; 7. Theoretical issues: modelling word-formation; 7. Introduction: why theory? Phonology-morphology interaction; 7. Affix ordering; 7.
The nature of word-formation rules; 7. Morpheme-based morphology; 7. Word-based morphology; 7. Analogy; 7. Naive Discriminative Learning; 7.
Word-Formation in English (eBook, PDF)
To speak and understand a language means - among many other things - knowing the words of that language. Basic concepts 4 1. What is a word? Studying word-formation 12 1. Inflection and derivation 18 1.
Word-Formation in English (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)