Light at least two jyoti oil lamps or ghee lamps. Spread the mat and sit facing east. Request them to bless the tarpanam pooja that you are about to perform. Place the plate in front of you and arrange the tharpanam grid made of dharbha grass as shown above. First place the 3 vertical strips of darbha grass and then the 3 horizontal strips.
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Light at least two jyoti oil lamps or ghee lamps. Spread the mat and sit facing east. Request them to bless the tarpanam pooja that you are about to perform. Place the plate in front of you and arrange the tharpanam grid made of dharbha grass as shown above.
First place the 3 vertical strips of darbha grass and then the 3 horizontal strips. Each line shown above should have a minimum of 3 darbha grass strips. Now you can see that there are 12 tips in total, 3 at the top, 3 at the bottom, 3 on the right and 3 on the left. With all your heart, request exalted pitru ancestral beings to be present in this tharpanam grid and accept the humble offerings that you are about to give.
Now you are ready to do the actual tharpanam ceremony. But enough of words. We asked one of our guys to make pictorial representations of the various steps of the tharpanam process. This is the step where we actually offer tharpanam for the first departed ancestor, on the tip marked 1 in the above diagram. Place a pinch of sesame seeds on your right palm and chant the pitru tarpana mantra given above meyyil vilangum jothi mantra given above and the name of the departed ancestor as follows: meyyil vilangum jothi As you are chanting the mantra, pour water on the sesame seeds that are in the palm of your hand slowly while tilting your hand to the right so that the water and sesame seeds fall on the appropriate tip.
The water should flow down through the gap between your right thumb and right index finger as shown in the figure above. Repeat this 2 more times for the same ancestor on the same tip. In other words, we do this 3 times per ancestor on the appropriate tip. To share with friends, please copy-paste only the link to this article and not the text of the article. Now move on to the 2-nd tip and do the tharpanam 3 times on that tip for the 2-nd departed male ancestor in your paternal line.
In this way, repeat this process for all 12 ancestors, i. Next, do karunya tharpanam for relatives, friends, people you respect, strangers, pets, plants, trees, animals, birds, creatures and insects. Before you do this, pray to Lord Varadaraja of Seshambadi and request His blessings for the departed beings you are doing karunya tarpanam for.
Then chant the "neethaar nedungolam" karunya tharpana mantra given above and the name of the person as follows: "neethaar nedungolam As you are chanting the mantra, pour water on the sesame seeds that are in the palm of your hand slowly, while tilting your hand to the right so that the water and sesame seeds fall in the middle of the grid. Do this 3 times for each person or plant or animal you are doing karunya tharpanam for. Here too, the water should flow down through the gap between your right thumb and right index finger as shown in the figure above.
When your tharpanam is complete, remove the pavitram from your ring finger, unroll it and place it on top of the darbha grass used in the tharpanam.
Pray to Lord Narayana and the exalted pitrus and prostrate yourself full body namaskar towards the southern direction 12 times. Dispose off the sesame seeds, water and darbha grass used in the ceremony respectfully by depositing them into a flowing river or ocean or a large pond or well. An alternate method is to separate the sesame seeds from the water, pour the water alone at the base of sacred trees and feed the sesame seeds to birds. The important thing here is that the sesame seeds should not sprout.
Clarifications Tharpanam is done only for departed beings, that is, those who have passed on. Tharpanam is not done for those who are alive. Just state the relationship alone and offer tharpanam for that ancestor. If you know the gotra lineage of a person, say it just before you mention the relationship, e. If you do not know the gotram of the person or you do not know what gotram is, just ignore this step.
For those who wear the sacred thread, change it to your right shoulder at the beginning of the tharpanam ceremony and back to the left shoulder at the end of the ceremony. There are special mantras for this step. Can one do tharpanam for more than 12 departed ancestors? The answer is yes. Sathguru Venkatarama Siddhar taught us the very powerful method of offering tharpanam for 64 generations of departed ancestors, i.
But that is a more advanced procedure and we are not going to cover that here. There are special mantras for each specific ancestor. These special mantras will have their special effect for sure. Sathguru Venkataraman gave us hundreds of unique tharpanam procedures. Refer to his Siddha writings for this information. When to do Tharpanam? Sathguru Venkataraman said that according to Maha Guru Agasthiar, tharpanam should be done at sunrise.
There is a tradition that says that tharpanam should be done at noon. If this is your tradition, please do follow that.
Where to do Tharpanam? You can do tharpanam right in the comfort of your home. But it is that much more effective to do it in temples and on the banks of sacred rivers.
If you can do tharpanam in the Pitru Moksha temples and sacred spots , that would be the best. Can the son do tharpanam if the father is alive? The answer is YES. The most serious misconception regarding tharpanam is the idea that if the father is alive, the son should not do tharpanam. Think of this key point: Are not the departed ancestors of the father the departed ancestors of the son too?
Of course, they are. So the son should do ancestral tharpanam too. Note that the word "pitru" here refers to all departed ancestors and not just the father. The son has a pitru debt debt to the ancestors just as the father does.
He has to discharge this debt just like his father has to discharge it. So it is important to shed this misconception rightaway. In fact, if all three do it together, the pitrus will be very pleased! Can women do tharpanam? Sathguru Venkataraman gave us the revolutionary idea in the s that women can do pitru tharpanam just as well as men. Think of this key point: If there are no sons in a family, does that mean the ancestors should be starved of tharpanam?
The answer is NO. The daughters can certainly do tharpanam. For a departed man who had daughters but no sons, will anyone do tharpanam with more mental involvement and dedication than his own daughters? So these daughters can certainly do tharpanam for this departed man. Note further that if others do tharpanam for this departed man, it will be karunya tharpanam and not pitru tharpanam.
Whereas, if his daughters do it, it will be direct, full fledged pitru tharpanam. Furthermore, there is the issue of mental involvement and dedication mentioned earlier. Because of this, it is ideal if these daughters do pitru tharpanam for this man their father. This does not mean that these daughters should make a big deal out of this and put on a show. That will only cause problems. They should do it quietly with humility and devotion.
They should realize that their gotra rishi is watching and so they must do this quietly and with utmost respect, without making a show of it or drawing attention towards themselves. If they do it thus, their gotra rishi will be pleased. However, in the general case i. But if the husband does not do tharpanam, the wife can make up for it by doing tharpanam. Women who have lost their husbands or who are separated from their husbands can do tharpanam.
Women can do karunya tharpanam for those departed souls who cared for them. Women should use white sesame seeds in their tharpanam. If you are viewing this site on a wide desktop monitor, maximize your browser window to see the site navigation menu on the right hand side.
Agasthiar's Easy Tharpanam Method
Welcome to eVadhyar. People who want to perform Tharpanam during Mahalaya Paksham on one or more days, write to info evadhyar. If you are already registered with Evadhyar and has given your ancestral details, personalised Tharpanam audio will be uploaded and on the given day, you can play the audio and perform the Tharpanam. Fill details of Ancestors. Feel like Live Sastri sitting beside you reciting the Manthras.
A; For Smarthas
But what we mean by the word Tharpanam is the offering of water mixed with gingili to the manes. Dead ancestors. Only those whose father is dead are eligible to do Tharpanam. If maternal grandfather is alive Tharpanam should not be done for his family but restricted to our family.
Amavasai Tharpanam in Tamil