Whoever recites Umm al-Kitab i. Thus, he whose migration hijrah was to Allah and His Messenger, his migration is to Allah and His Messenger; but he whose migration was for some worldly thing he might gain, or for a wife he might marry, his migration is to sifatua for which he migrated. And the act that ends the inviolable state is the salutation. Sometimes he would recite some verses. That was how it was done in the afternoon and morning prayers.
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The second question is then posed: "Why then do you call yourself a Hanafi? Doubts are then created in his mind. He soon starts gradually drifting towards the abandoning of taqleed i. Imam Abu Hanifa R.
This is an absolute fallacy. Why Follow an Imam? The question that arises here is that why then should one follow any of the four Imams? This can be answered by posing a counter-question: "Do you know all the various laws of Deen? Are you capable of extracting and deriving the laws pertaining to wudu, salah, zakah, etc. Do you know which Hadith has abrogated another?
Do you have the ability to reconcile between the various Ahadith which apparently contradict each other? In that case the following aayah applies directly to oneself: "Ask those of knowledge if you do not know.
He attained the knowledge of Hadith from approximately teachers. His piety was such that for 40 years he performed fajr salah with the wudu of Isha salah i.
His knowledge, brilliance and righteousness was such that all the great scholars of his time attested to his mastery. In this regard the four Imams were in an extremely high category. Makki bin Ibrahim, who was one of the renowned teachers of Imam Bukhari R.
The purpose was to lay a siege upon them for having broken the pact that they had made with the Muslims. In order to impress the urgency of the matter upon the Sahaaba R. Some Sahaaba radhiallahu anhum felt that they should perform their Asr immediately. They regarded the instruction of Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam as actually being a command to proceed very swiftly to their destination.
It did not imply that the Asr salah could not be performed en-route. They thus performed their salah there. Another group of Sahaaba radhiallahu anhum.
They therefore continued and only performed their Asr salah after having reached Banu Quraizah. Later when Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam was informed about this, he did not rebuke either group. At times a difference of opinion occurs due to the different narrations that are found with regards to a particular aspect. One Imam gives preference to one narration on the basis of various criteria while the other Imam, in the light of his knowledge, prefers the other narration.
This is basically the manner in which these differences occur. Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam is reported to have said: "When a haakim ruler passes judgement, and after having exerted his utmost effort he arrives at the correct solution, he gets a double reward. And if he errs after having exerted his utmost ability, he gets one reward. Ibn al-Munzir R. The four Imams had the ability and necessary knowledge to practice ijtihaad.
Thus they fall under the ambit of this Hadith. Following One Imam Only Another point that often comes up is the following: Why is it necessary to follow one Imam only? Why can one not follow a certain Imam in one aspect and another Imam in another aspect? The simple answer to this is: On what basis will one pick and choose, especially since one does not have the knowledge required to derive the laws. Thus one will not be in a position to evaluate the deductions of each Imam. Hence it will obviously be on the basis of what suits one.
Thus great jurists of latter times, among them Shah Waliullah R. Authenticity of Hadith Here one more point needs clarification with regards to the authenticity of Ahadith. The general masses are made to believe that a Hadith is only authentic if it is related in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. This is a misconception. The authenticity of the Hadith is based on its chain of narrators, irrespective of whether it appears in any one of the Sihah Sitta the famous six authentic compilations of Hadith or in any other compilation besides these.
Imam Muslim has written in his muqqadama introduction to Sahih Muslim that he has not recorded every authentic Hadith in his Sahih. Actually, according to Imam Bukhari and imaam Muslim, there are more authentic Ahadith which are not recorded in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim than the number of narrations contained in these two books. Thus it is the duty of every person, while strictly following his Imam, to respect and honour the other Imams and their followers.
Nevertheless, in this belated age there are many people who have cast aside the following of any of the four Imams completely. They make themselves out as being the only ones who follow Hadith while all others are regarded as being contradictory to the Hadith. Many people have become entrapped in this propaganda. Thus this book sets out to explain proofs of specifically those aspects regarding which the Hanafis are generally made a target of abuse. The purpose is to simply bring to the attention of the unwary person that he is following the Deen of Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam.
This book is not intended to create a climate of debate and argument. As already explained, all the Imams have their proofs. It is hoped that by the means of this book the baseless propaganda against those who follow one of the four illustrious Imams will be halted in its tracks. A concise version was later published. This is the english rendering of the concise version which was translated by Moulana Abdul Qadir Vawda of Madrasah Taaleemuddeen. Some additions and alterations have been made where it was deemed appropriate.
It must also be pointed out that every narration quoted in this booklet is highly authentic and of such a category which, according to the muhadditheen, can be used to derive the laws of Deen from it. The Masnoon Method Of Wudu Hazrat Usman radhiallahu anhu once asked: "Should I not show you the manner in which Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam performed his wudhu? Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar radhiallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: "Whoever performs wudu and makes masah over his nape, he will be saved from wearing a necklace of fire around his neck on the the day of judgement".
A , writes in his book Talkheesul Habeer vol. Allamah Shawkani R. Performing Masah Over Ordinary Socks i. It is not permissible to make masah over ordinary socks cotton, woollen, nylon, etc. There is no authentic narration sanctioning this practice. In the commentary of Tirmidhi, Tuhfatul Ahwazee, the famous Ahle Hadith scholar Allamah Mubarakpuri, has written that this practice of making masah on woollen, cotton, nylon socks and socks made from similar materials is not established from any authentic Hadith vol.
Many other high ranking scholars of the ghair muqallid sect those who do not prescribe to taqleed have refuted this practice and declared it as impermissible. When the length of your shadow becomes twice your height, perform the asr salah. Perform the maghrib salah when the sun has set. And perform the fajr salah while it is still dark. Allaamah Shawkani R. It is written in Fataawa Thunaaiyya vol.
In the same books it is also mentioned that to intentionally remove the headgear hat and perform salah bare-headed is contrary to the sunnah. To Raise the Hands upto the Earlobes Hazrat Qataada radhiallahu anhu relates that he saw Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam performing his salah. He relates that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam used to lift his hands until they were in line with his earlobes.
Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam is reported to have said: "When you begin your congregational prayers, straighten your rows. Thereafter when the Imam says the takbeer i. And when he recites walad daalleen then you should say Ameen". But if he performs salah individually, then he must recite qiraat. It was the practice of Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar radhiallahu anhu also that he would not recite surah fatiha behind the Imam.
In Aathaarus Sunan Vol. Hazrat Jaabir radhiallahu anhu narrates that the one who does not recite sura fatiha even in one rakat, his salah is not valid. However, if he is behind an Imam he must not recite surah fatiha. It is on the basis of this Hadith that Imam Tirmidhi R. In the above Hadith it is very clearly mentioned that the muqtadi must not recite sura fatiha. When he says the takbeer, then you should do the same.
When he recites Walad daalleen, then you should say Aameen. In the same manner when the Imam recites "walad daalleen" aloud, the followers should say Aameen softly. Be tranquil in salah". Ibn Hazm R. Ahmed Shakir R. Proof from the Practice of the Sahaabah radhiallahu anhum It is related that Hazrat Ali radhiallahu anhu used to raise his hands at the time of the first Takbeer during his salah. Thereafter he did not raise them. Imam Tirmidhi R. Then he said the takbeer and simultaneously stood up erect without sitting.
Peace be upon us and upon all the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that none is worthy of worship besides Allah and that Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam is his servant and messenger. Thereafter he would choose from the supplications whatever he wished.
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