KHAIR UD DIN BARBAROSSA PDF

Learn how and when to remove this template message Barbarossa circa With a fresh force of Turkish soldiers sent by the Ottoman sultan, Barbarossa recaptured Tlemcen in December He captured Bone , and in , he defeated a Spanish-Italian army that tried to recapture Algiers. In a separate incident, he sank a Spanish ship and captured eight others. In , he raided the Balearic Islands and later captured several Spanish ships returning from the New World off Cadiz. John from that island on 1 January In June , he raided the coasts of Sardinia.

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Learn how and when to remove this template message Barbarossa circa With a fresh force of Turkish soldiers sent by the Ottoman sultan, Barbarossa recaptured Tlemcen in December He captured Bone , and in , he defeated a Spanish-Italian army that tried to recapture Algiers. In a separate incident, he sank a Spanish ship and captured eight others. In , he raided the Balearic Islands and later captured several Spanish ships returning from the New World off Cadiz. John from that island on 1 January In June , he raided the coasts of Sardinia.

In May , he landed at Crotone in Calabria and sacked the city, sank a Spanish galley and a Spanish fusta in the harbor, assaulted Castignano in Marche on the Adriatic Sea and later landed at Cape Spartivento. In June , he landed at Reggio Calabria and later destroyed the fort at the port of Messina.

He then appeared on the coasts of Tuscany , but retreated after seeing the fleet of Andrea Doria and the Knights of St. John off the coast of Piombino. In July , Barbarossa appeared once again in Messina and raided the coasts of Campania. In , he raided many ports and castles on the coasts of Italy and Spain.

In August , he attacked the Mediterranean coasts of Spain and later helped 70, Moriscos to escape from Andalusia in seven consecutive journeys. In July , he appeared along the coasts of the Provence and Liguria, capturing two Genoese ships.

In August , he raided the coasts of Sardinia and, in October, appeared at Piombino, capturing a barque from Viareggio and three French galleons before capturing two more ships off Calabria. In December , he captured the Castle of Cabrera , in the Balearic Islands, and started to use the island as a logistic base for his operations in the area.

Still in , he raided the island of Favignana , where the flagship of the Maltese Knights under the command of Francesco Touchebeuf unsuccessfully attacked his fleet. Barbarossa then sailed eastwards and landed in Calabria and Apulia. On the way back to Algiers, he sank a ship of the Maltese Knights near Messina before assaulting Tripoli , which had been given to the Knights of St. John by Charles V in In October , he again raided the coasts of Spain.

In response, Suleiman sent the forces of Yahya Pashazade Mehmed Bey, who recaptured these cities, but the event made Suleiman realize the importance of having a powerful commander at sea. He summoned Barbarossa to Istanbul, who set sail in August Having raided Sardinia, Bonifacio in Corsica, and the islands of Montecristo , Elba and Lampedusa , he captured 18 galleys near Messina and learned from the captured prisoners that Doria was headed to Preveza.

Barbarossa proceeded to raid the nearby coasts of Calabria and then sailed towards Preveza. He arrived at Preveza with a total of 44 galleys, but sent 25 of them back to Algiers and headed to Constantinople with 19 ships. Barbarossa was also given the government of the Sanjak "province" of Rhodes and those of Euboea and Chios in the Aegean Sea. To this objective, next summer, he [the King of France] will send the military force he is preparing to recover what it unjustly occupied by the Duke of Savoy , and from there, to attack the Genoese.

This king Francis I strongly prays sir Haradin, who has a powerful naval force as well as a convenient location [Tunisia], to attack the island of Corsica and other lands, locations, cities, ships and subjects of Genoa , and not to stop until they have accepted and recognized the king of France. The King, besides the above land force, will additionally help with his naval force, which will comprise at least 50 vessels, of which 30 galleys , and the rest galeasses and other vessels, accompanied by one of the largest and most beautiful carracks that ever was on the sea.

This fleet will accompany and escort the army of sir Haradin, which will also be refreshed and supplied with food and ammunition by the King, who, by these actions, will be able to achieve his aims, for which he will be highly grateful to sir Haradin". The Turks eventually departed from Capri, but another famous Ottoman admiral, Turgut Reis , recaptured both the island and the castle in In July , he crossed the Strait of Messina and raided the Calabrian coasts, capturing a substantial number of ships around Reggio Calabria as well as the Castle of San Lucido.

He later destroyed the port of Cetraro and the ships harbored there. Still in July , he appeared in Campania and sacked the islands of Capri and Procida before bombarding the ports in the Gulf of Naples. Charles then dispatched an agent to offer Barbarossa "the lordship of North Africa" for his changed loyalty, or if that failed, to assassinate him.

However, upon rejecting the offer, Barbarossa decapitated him with his scimitar. Recognizing the futility of armed resistance, Barbarossa had abandoned Tunis well before the arrival of the invaders, sailing away into the Tyrrhenian Sea , where he bombarded ports, landed once again at Capri and reconstructed a fort which still today carries his name after largely destroying it during the siege of the island.

He then sailed to Algiers, from where he raided the coastal towns of Spain, destroyed the ports of Majorca and Menorca, captured several Spanish and Genoese galleys and liberated their Muslim oar slaves.

In September , he repulsed another Spanish attack on Tlemcen. In , Barbarossa was called back to Constantinople to take command of ships in a naval attack on the Habsburg Kingdom of Naples. In July , he landed at Otranto and captured the city, as well as the Fortress of Castro and the city of Ugento in Apulia.

In the same year, Barbarossa raided Corfu and obliterated the agricultural cultivations of the island while enslaving nearly all the population of the countryside.

This victory secured Ottoman dominance over the Mediterranean for the next 33 years, until the Battle of Lepanto in In the summer of , Barbarossa captured the islands of Skiathos , Skyros , Andros and Serifos and recaptured Castelnuovo from the Spanish, who had taken it from the Ottomans after the battle of Preveza.

Barbarossa later took the remaining Christian outposts in the Ionian and Aegean Seas. Venice finally signed a peace treaty with Sultan Suleiman in October , agreeing to recognize the Ottoman territorial gains and to pay , gold ducats. Unable to persuade Barbarossa to switch sides, in October , Charles himself laid siege to Algiers, seeking to end the corsair threat to the Spanish domains and Christian shipping in the western Mediterranean. Andrea Doria took his fleet away into open waters to avoid being wrecked on the shore, but much of the Spanish fleet went aground.

After some indecisive fighting on land, Charles had to abandon the effort and withdraw his severely battered force.

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KHAIR UD DIN BARBAROSSA PDF

Barbaros Boulevard starts from his mausoleum on the Bosphorus and runs up to the Levent and Maslak business districts and beyond. Badass of the Week: Hayreddin Barbarossa Pasha Hafiz Ismail marked it as to-read Jul 26, Unable to persuade Barbarossa to switch sides, in OctoberCharles himself laid siege to Algiers, seeking to end the corsair threat to the Spanish domains and Christian shipping in the western Mediterranean. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Jewish Pirates of rin Caribbean. Own Asrul marked it as to-read Feb barnarossa, There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Additionally, the raids of coastal cities continued.

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Khairuddin Barbarossa

Born: c. He died in Istanbul, in modern-dayTurkey. Some sources make Yakup a Sipahi, i. The four brothers initially worked as sailors, and privateers in the Mediterranean to counteract the privateering of the Knights of St.

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