Berger ur. Beograd: Nolit. Bucay, J. Fraktura, Zagreb. Rainwather, J.
|Published (Last):||18 April 2019|
|PDF File Size:||14.68 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.18 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
When trying to make sense of the world around us, Gestalt psychology suggests that we do not simply focus on every small component. Instead, our minds tend to perceive objects as part of a greater whole and as elements of more complex systems. This school of psychology played a major role in the modern development of the study of human sensation and perception.
While Wundt was interested in breaking down psychological matters into their smallest possible part, the Gestalt psychologists were instead interested in looking at the totality of the mind and behavior.
The guiding principle behind the Gestalt movement was that the whole was greater than the sum of its parts. The development of this area of psychology was influenced by a number of thinkers, including Immanuel Kant, Ernst Mach, and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
He purchased a toy stroboscope which displayed pictures in a rapid sequence to mimic the appearing movement. He later proposed the concept of the Phi phenomenon in which flashing lights in sequence can lead to what is known as apparent motion. Movies are one example of apparent motion. Through a sequence of still frames, the illusion of movement is created. It is the hope of Gestalt theory to determine the nature of such wholes.
Some of the best-known Gestalt psychologists included: Max Wertheimer: Regarded as one of the three founders of Gestalt psychology, Wertheimer is also known for his concept of the phi phenomenon.
The phi phenomenon involves perceiving a series of still images in rapid succession in order to create the illusion of movement. Wolfgang Kohler: Also a key founding figure in the history of the Gestalt movement, Kohler also famously summarized Gestalt theory by saying, "The whole is different than the sum of its parts. Gestalt Laws of Perceptual Organization Have you ever noticed how a series of flashing lights often appears to be moving, such as neon signs or strands of Christmas lights?
According to Gestalt psychology, this apparent movement happens because our minds fill in missing information. This belief that the whole is greater than the sum of the individual parts led to the discovery of several different phenomena that occur during perception. The law of similarity suggests that similar items tend to be grouped together. For example, a series of circles or squares stacked together will be viewed as a series of columns rather than just individual shapes. The law of proximity suggests that objects near each other tend to be viewed as a group.
At a restaurant, for example, the host or hostess might assume that people seated next to each other in the waiting area are together and ask if they are ready to be seated. In reality, they may only be sitting near each other because there is little room in the waiting area or because those were the only open seats.
Gestalt psychology also helped introduce the idea that human perception is not just about seeing what is actually present in the world around us. Much of what we perceive is heavily influenced by our motivations and expectations. A Word From Verywell Gestalt psychology did face criticism, particularly in that many of its central concepts can be difficult to define and examine experimentally. While this approach may have lost its identity as an independent school of thought in psychology, its central ideas have had a major influence on the field of psychology as a whole.
Gestalt psychology has largely been subsumed by other fields of psychology, but it had an enormous influence. Other researchers who were influenced by the principles of Gestalt psychology including Kurt Lewin and Kurt Goldstein went on to make important contributions to psychology. The idea that the whole is different than its parts has played a role in other areas including our understanding of the brain and social behavior.
Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. There was an error. Please try again. What are your concerns?
Trumpai apie Geštalt-terapiją
When trying to make sense of the world around us, Gestalt psychology suggests that we do not simply focus on every small component. Instead, our minds tend to perceive objects as part of a greater whole and as elements of more complex systems. This school of psychology played a major role in the modern development of the study of human sensation and perception. While Wundt was interested in breaking down psychological matters into their smallest possible part, the Gestalt psychologists were instead interested in looking at the totality of the mind and behavior.
Gestalt terapia: conheça os métodos utilizados pelo terapeuta
GEŠTALT TERAPIJA (Umetnost kontakta)