CHAMPANER-PAVAGADH ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK PDF

Champaner-Pavagarh Archaeological Park comprises an ancient monuments and temples from the prehistoric era. It is an ideal mix of Hindu-Muslim architecture. Moreover, it is the pilgrim center for the Hindus. The Pavagarh hill at an elevation of about meters above sea level is one of the ancient rock formations in the country.

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Geography[ edit ] Path on Pavagadh Hill The Champaner-Pavagadh heritage site is spread over an area of more than 1, hectares 3, acres with a buffer zone of 2, hectares 6, acres.

There are steep rock exposures formed by ancient volcanic eruptions and lava flows. The path to the summit passes through many old gates and cuts through staircase-like natural ledges of rock with precipitous sides. Midway up this path is a flat area strewn with boulders. Above this point there is a very steep scarp with a marble temple and two lantern towers.

The history also reports a local legend that the divinity of the hills was derived from the right toe of the goddess Kalika , which had apparently fallen on the hill. In the eleventh century, Ram Gaur Tuar ruled, and Champaner was under the Anhilwad until or so when they were defeated by Alauddin Khalji , who made it their stronghold. During this period, the Chauhan Rajput had also settled in Champaner.

However, they lost their authority in Champaner in In and in about , Khichis managed to fight off their neighbour, Rao of Idar , and the Muslim rulers of Ahmedabad , thanks to the protection provided by the hill.

What ensued in the following years was the complete defeat of the Rajputs by Sultan Begada. The hill was surrounded and the fort held under siege for more than a year and was finally captured on 17 November , when Kivamul Mulk and Malik Ayaz Sultani penetrated the walls and broke the main gate, destroyed the army and injured the leaders of the Gurjars.

Raval Jaisingh was wounded and for six months was given amnesty but was then killed since he refused to convert to Islam. After the fort was seized, Mahmud renamed the city "Muhmudabad Champaner". It was during this period that Mahmud laid the foundation stone for his mosque.

He built elaborate ornate structures, fortified both the forts, made the hill fort his Mauliya meaning Lord of the Hill and his citadel over a period of 23 years and eventually moved his capital from Ahmadabad to Champaner. Merchants and craftsmen prospered. Mahmud died in and his successors continued to rule from Champaner until the death of Bahadur Shah The city of Champaner had been very well planned with streets and whitewashed stone houses.

The city fell into rapid decline, was largely abandoned and for several centuries was neglected and almost deserted. The old city was in ruins and wildly overgrown. They re-founded it and it became a great exporter of silk, with facilities for washing and preparing raw silk.

However, a cholera epidemic reduced the population to families by When the British finally usurped the area on 13 July , it was almost deserted; efforts at that time to populate the place by inducting cultivators with an incentive of Rs to develop the lands at that time also failed. In , a few Bhil and Naikda tribes resided there, but over the next few years, it became well known in India for its rulers and the monuments left behind by them [8] In the last decade the site has received attention by archaeologists and Heritage Trusts working in the area to develop it into a tourist attraction and a World Heritage Site.

The Baroda Heritage Trust took the initiative in this direction and carried out a landscape study of the former urban centre. Public parks and pavilions surround the housing complex. However, temples, mosques, and tombs are mostly concentrated in the Pavagarh Hills. The Vishamitri River is the only stream that rises from the Pavgadh hills, and was tapped for feeding wells in Champaner and tanks in Pavagadh.

The tanks served the pilgrims and other utilitarian, recreational, spiritual and aesthetic needs. Some of the tanks were built by constructing embankments and diverting the stored water into stone cisterns. Some of the famous water structures are: the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswathi Kunds in the Mauliya plateau ; the Wada Talao, the largest water tank fed by rivulets located on the eastern part of the city; the innovative Gaben Shah tank; the exquisitely ornamented helical stepwells such as in the public gardens and at the entrance to the city, and the Royal summer pavilions.

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Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park

Geography[ edit ] Path on Pavagadh Hill The Champaner-Pavagadh heritage site is spread over an area of more than 1, hectares 3, acres with a buffer zone of 2, hectares 6, acres. There are steep rock exposures formed by ancient volcanic eruptions and lava flows. The path to the summit passes through many old gates and cuts through staircase-like natural ledges of rock with precipitous sides. Midway up this path is a flat area strewn with boulders. Above this point there is a very steep scarp with a marble temple and two lantern towers. The history also reports a local legend that the divinity of the hills was derived from the right toe of the goddess Kalika , which had apparently fallen on the hill. In the eleventh century, Ram Gaur Tuar ruled, and Champaner was under the Anhilwad until or so when they were defeated by Alauddin Khalji , who made it their stronghold.

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