CABOTAGE LAW PHILIPPINES PDF

The Philippine cabotage regime: A level playing field? Effectively, foreign vessels are prohibited to ply domestic routes carrying passengers and cargo, except under special albeit discretionary circumstances. After foreign goods are brought into a Philippine port of entry, domestic shippers are to transship these to the final point of destination, thus entailing additional costs which are eventually passed on to consumers. The restriction resulted in the local shipping industry being dominated by very few players. A study by a government think tank suggested that the lack of competition in the industry contributed to high consumer prices and slow modernization. Now, the rules have changed.

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The Philippine cabotage regime: A level playing field? Effectively, foreign vessels are prohibited to ply domestic routes carrying passengers and cargo, except under special albeit discretionary circumstances.

After foreign goods are brought into a Philippine port of entry, domestic shippers are to transship these to the final point of destination, thus entailing additional costs which are eventually passed on to consumers. The restriction resulted in the local shipping industry being dominated by very few players.

A study by a government think tank suggested that the lack of competition in the industry contributed to high consumer prices and slow modernization. Now, the rules have changed. Geared towards the primary objective of promoting competition in the maritime cargo shipping industry, RA or the Cabotage Act was signed into law by President Benigno S. Aquino III on July The law intends to lift the long-standing cabotage restrictions imposed upon foreign vessels.

Under the law, the activities of foreign vessels have been expanded to include sea carriage of: Foreign cargo arriving from a foreign port to its Philippine port of destination, after being cleared at its port of entry; Foreign cargo of another foreign vessel from its Philippine port of entry to its Philippine port of destination; Foreign cargo intended for export from a Philippine port of origin to another Philippine port and eventually to its foreign port of destination; Foreign cargo of another foreign vessel through a domestic transshipment port to its foreign port of destination; and Empty foreign containers going to or coming from any Philippine port, or going to or coming from a foreign port and being transshipped between two Philippine ports.

With the relaxation of the rules, Philippine vessel operators fear domination by foreign players of the domestic shipping industry thereby rendering moot the objective of the law. Be that as it may, the disparity in the tax regime of international and domestic shippers may be seen as an obstacle in fostering fruitful and holistic competition. For instance, foreign shipping lines doing business in the Philippines are subject to 2. The difference in the tax treatment favors international carriers as the 2.

In any case, an international shipper may avail of a reduced rate under a tax treaty on income derived from outbound cargo transport. Finally, the law did not delve on the tax implications of the relaxed rules. Clearly, there are certain tax aspects of the cabotage law which necessitate further clarification.

Overall, the law is seen as a welcome initiative to stimulate economic activity, to bring down shipping costs and to support the planned ASEAN market integration. It also aims to improve voyage safety and address the perennial problem of port congestion in Metro Manila.

Not all players get to have an equal chance of success in every competition. At the very least, however, each should play by the same set of rules.

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President Benigno S. Sa pamamagitan ng dalawang panukalang batas na pinagtibay natin sa araw na ito, tinatanggal natin ang mga baluktot na kalakarang dulot ng kawalan ng kumpetisyon, na walang nadadalang pakinabang sa ating mamamayan," Aquino said in a speech on Tuesday, July This is a proof that we are not easily contented with what has been done. Instead, we find possibilities to maximize the benefits for our bosses.

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Etymology[ edit ] The term "cabotage" is borrowed from French. It is derived from caboter which means "to travel along the coast". The origin of caboter is obscure: it may come from cap or cabo "cape", or it may refer to a type of boat. Attempts to link the name to the Italian explorer Cabot are not supported by evidence. The Passenger Vessel Services Act of states that no foreign vessels shall transport passengers between ports or places in the United States, either directly or by way of a foreign port. Indonesia implemented a cabotage policy in after previously allowing foreign-owned vessels to operate relatively freely within the country. In passenger aviation[ edit ] Cabotage rights remain rare in passenger aviation.

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