Artaud was diagnosed with meningitis at age five, a disease which had no cure at the time. He was discharged due to addiction to laudanum and mental instability. Intonation is found within oneself and pushed out with the burning power of feeling, not achieved through imitation". He wrote a number of film scenarios, and ten are listed in his Complete Works. Directed by Germaine Dulac , it is often considered the first surrealist film. Although he did not fully understand the intentions and ideas behind traditional Balinese performance, it influenced many of his ideas for theatre.
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She works on avant-garde, experimental and documentary film and video. Connections to the GCSE, AS and A level specifications Theatrical style Social, cultural, political and historical context Significant moments in the development of theory and practice Influence Key collaborations with other artists Use of theatrical conventions PC: Artaud had some very influential experiences: visiting the Tarahumaras tribe in Mexico and seeing the touring Balinese dancers.
When did those experiences happen and what inspired him from those experiences? RM: It is interesting, it could be said that it is impossible to put his proposals into practice, but his ideas were based on something he actually saw: the Balinese dancers and the Tarahumaras. That was what he was trying to write about. In a sense it did exist, but it was very much in the vision of what he was seeing.
PC: When did he see the Balinese dancers because that experience has been criticised for not being particularly representative of Balinese culture. RM: Yes, the context in which he saw it is obviously significant. He saw the Balinese dance performances as part of the colonial exhibition he saw in Paris in the s. That is relevant to Artaud: all texts that he approached, he approached them through his own perspective.
PC: He was quite open and honest about that though. It is more that he was using his experiences to inform his ideas about representation itself. RM: Yes nobody really knows what actually happened with the Tarahumaras because it is not properly documented but he did go to Mexico, we know that much.
The writing is about the Tarahumaras: he talks about going off with this tribe and doing the peyote ritual and all these other crazy things that happened. I think there are some anthropologists that have found evidence of Artaud having had contact with the tribe.
He spent time performing these rituals with the Tarahumaras and they came to inform his theatre. PC: Is there something specific in the peyote ritual experience that informed his ideas? RM: The peyote is a hallucinogenic drug like acid but it is a natural herb.
The ritual is based on a dance. PC: You can see these kind of dances in videos online. It is a good way of seeing what Artaud saw without fully experiencing it! It is repetitive, it is rhythmic. Rhythms of the body and the voice. All texts that Artaud approached, he approached them through his own perspective. The peyote ritual is based on a dance.
La muerte de su hermana Germaine, en , lo marca profundamente. Vale la pena anotar que por aquel entonces es una persona extremadamente devota. En , luego de sufrir una crisis depresiva , durante sus estudios, piensa en inscribirse en el seminario. El catolicismo , pues, influye en la vida de Artaud y en su obra desde muy joven.
Artaud au Mexique : Le poète désorienté