ANTRUSHINA ENGLISH LEXICOLOGY PDF

Berchfield who worked at compiling a four-volume supplement to NED says that averagely neologisms appear every year in Modern English. It has also become a language-giver recently, especially with the development of computerization. New words, as a rule, appear in speech of an individual person who wants to express his idea in some original way. New lexical units are primarily used by university teachers, newspaper reporters, by those who are connected with mass media. Neologisms can develop in three main ways: a lexical unit existing in the language can change its meaning to denote a new object or phenomenon. In such cases we have semantic neologisms, e.

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Berchfield who worked at compiling a four-volume supplement to NED says that averagely neologisms appear every year in Modern English. It has also become a language-giver recently, especially with the development of computerization. New words, as a rule, appear in speech of an individual person who wants to express his idea in some original way.

New lexical units are primarily used by university teachers, newspaper reporters, by those who are connected with mass media. Neologisms can develop in three main ways: a lexical unit existing in the language can change its meaning to denote a new object or phenomenon. In such cases we have semantic neologisms, e. A new lexical unit can develop in the language to denote an object or phenomenon which already has some lexical unit to denote it.

In such cases we have transnomination, e. A new lexical unit can be introduced to denote a new object or phenomenon. Here we can point out several semantic groups when we analize the group of neologisms connected with computerization, and here we can mention words used: a to denote different types of computers, e.

These are types of biometric locks. Here we can also mention computerized cards with the help of which we can open the door without a key. With the development of social activities neologisms appeared as well, e. The rich belong also to jet set that is those who can afford to travel by jet planes all over the world enjoying their life.

In connection with criminalization of towns in UK volantary groups of assisting the police were formed where dwellers of the neighbourhood are joined.

The higher society has neologisms in their speech, such as : dial-a-meal, dial-a-taxi. In the language of teen-agers there are such words as : Drugs! There are different semantic groups of neologisms belonging to everyday life: a food e. Neologisms can be also classified according to the ways they are formed. They are subdivided into : phonological neologisms, borrowings, semantic neologisms and syntactical neologisms. Phonological neologisms are formed by combining unique combinations of sounds, they are called artificial, e.

These are strong neologisms. Quite a number of neologisms appear on the analogy with lexical units existing in the language, e. There are many neologisms formed by means of affixation, such as: decompress, to disimprove, overhoused, educationalist, slimster, folknik etc.

Changes in pronunciation. In Modern British English there is a tendency to change pronunciation of some sounds and combinations of sounds due to the influence of American English and some other factors. Dubenets, English lexicology.

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Antrushina GB - English Lexicology-1257

It means that the degree of semantic change in a phraseological unit may vary completely or partially. Copy of English Lexicology by Antrushina by Gunel Ahmadova on Prezi Informal vocabulary is used in personal two-way everyday communication. English Choose a language for shopping. In each group of synonyms there is a word with the most general meaning, which can substitute any word in the group. It is in the form of dialogue where the speaker has the qualities of voice, gesture, the speaker has an opportunity to know whether he is understood, the listener can always interrupt him and demand additional information.

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Лексикология английского языка / English Lexicology

Kigakasa Semantically all word-groups may be classified into motivated and non-motivated. Learn more about Amazon Prime. It is a mistake in terms of the grammatical invariability of phraseological units. This word is called the dominant synonym. The extralinguistic factors influencing usage and development of language constitute one of the critical problems of linguistics.

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