He moved with his family to West Bengal in In the fall of , Sen was admitted to Patha Bhavana , Shantiniketan, where he completed his school education, in which he excelled, obtaining the highest ranks in his school board and I. The school had many progressive features, such as distaste for examinations or competitive testing. In addition, the school stressed cultural diversity, and embraced cultural influences from the rest of the world.
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Sen was best known for his work on the causes of famine , which led to the development of practical solutions for preventing or limiting the effects of real or perceived shortages of food.
Top Questions Where did Amartya Sen study? Where did Amartya Sen work? From to he served as master superintendent of Trinity College, Cambridge. What did Amartya Sen write? Why is Amartya Sen famous? Amartya Sen is famous for his significant contributions to welfare economics for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics , including his development of more sophisticated measures of poverty , and for his work on the causes and prevention of famines.
Sen was educated at Presidency College in Calcutta now Kolkata. He went on to study at Trinity College , Cambridge , where he received a B. He taught economics at a number of universities in India and England, including the Universities of Jadavpur —58 and Delhi —71 , the London School of Economics, the University of London —77 , and the University of Oxford —88 , before moving to Harvard University —98 , where he was professor of economics and philosophy. In he was appointed master of Trinity College, Cambridge—a position he held until , when he returned to Harvard as Lamont University Professor.
Welfare economics seeks to evaluate economic policies in terms of their effects on the well-being of the community. Sen devised methods of measuring poverty that yielded useful information for improving economic conditions for the poor. For instance, his theoretical work on inequality provided an explanation for why there are fewer women than men in some poor countries in spite of the fact that more women than men are born and infant mortality is higher among males.
Sen claimed that this skewed ratio results from the better health treatment and childhood opportunities afforded to boys in those countries. As a nine-year-old boy, he witnessed the Bengal famine of , in which three million people perished.
This staggering loss of life was unnecessary, Sen later concluded. He believed that there was an adequate food supply in India at the time but that its distribution was hindered because particular groups of people—in this case rural labourers—lost their jobs and therefore their ability to purchase the food. In his book Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation , Sen revealed that in many cases of famine, food supplies were not significantly reduced.
Instead, a number of social and economic factors—such as declining wages, unemployment, rising food prices, and poor food-distribution systems—led to starvation among certain groups in society. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.
His views encouraged policy makers to pay attention not only to alleviating immediate suffering but also to finding ways to replace the lost income of the poor—as, for example, through public-works projects—and to maintain stable prices for food. A vigorous defender of political freedom, Sen believed that famines do not occur in functioning democracies because their leaders must be more responsive to the demands of the citizens.
In order for economic growth to be achieved, he argued, social reforms—such as improvements in education and public health—must precede economic reform. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
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In itself, it might seem like an unremarkable fact, but it actually is not: Amartya Sen is a citizen of India. While most of his countrymen who have been able to leave India for a long time try their best to become citizens of the country they might have gone to Britain, America, Canada, Australia , Sen, a man whom Cambridge and Harvard are said to have fought over for the privilege of offering an appointment, resolutely retains his blue Indian passport after half a century of towering intellectual achievement across the world. Every year, the winner of the Nobel Prize for economics returns to Santiniketan, the tiny university town odd miles from Calcutta. In Santiniketan, the former Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, can be seen on a bicycle, friendly and unassuming, chatting with the locals and working for a trust he has set up with the money from his Nobel Prize. One of the most influential public thinkers of our times is strongly rooted in the country in which he grew up; he is deeply engaged with its concerns. There can, then, be few people better equipped than this Lamont University Professor at Harvard to write about India and the Indian identity, especially at a time when the stereotype of India as a land of exoticism and mysticism is being supplanted with the stereotype of India as the back office of the world.
This essay explains in detail about contemporary India , tracing back the history from traditional ancient India. These dialogues of Krishna and Arjuna is borrowed by European culture and certain famous personalities like J. Robert Oppenheimer due to its significance. The argument has not lost its significance even in contemporary time is the assertive statement of Amartya Sen. Though India is said to be patriarchal, it had and has women leaders governing the country, that is traced from ancient text Upanisad and Indian history. Yet such women leaders are not elected in the US first world.