Titled Reported Attacks of Persons with Albinism, the document reviews countries and lists recent killings and other attacks, all within 23 African countries. These attacks include mutilation, violence, violation of graves, and cases of asylum-seeking. According to Al-Shymaa Kway-Geer , an albino member of parliament, there are officially registered albinos in Tanzania. Tanzania is thought to have the largest population of albinos in Africa.
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Titled Reported Attacks of Persons with Albinism, the document reviews countries and lists recent killings and other attacks, all within 23 African countries. These attacks include mutilation, violence, violation of graves, and cases of asylum-seeking.
According to Al-Shymaa Kway-Geer , an albino member of parliament, there are officially registered albinos in Tanzania. Tanzania is thought to have the largest population of albinos in Africa. There are further issues which arise when there is lack of education about albinism. Fathers often suspect the mother of the albino child of infidelity with a white man or that the child is the ghost of a European colonist.
An albino child is often seen as a bad omen and treated as unwanted. Many albino babies become victims of infanticide due to these superstitious views. Malawi[ edit ] After when Tanzania enacted tougher steps against violence against albinos, Malawi has seen a "steep upsurge in killings" with 18 reported killings since November , and the likely toll being higher because of missing persons and unreported murders. In , police found at least 39 cases of illegal removals of the bodies of Albino people from their graves or having body parts removed from their corpses.
As of , there has been speculation President Mutharika making moves toward implementing the death penalty to convicted murderers of Albino people as a way to significantly decrease the attacks being perpetrated, putting fear into those who do it for business or religious purposes and making it substantially less acceptable by witch doctors and other people who follow superstitions.
There is a death penalty in place, but it has not been put in to use since the government changed to democracy in , and convicts who are given the death penalty have sat in prison for life instead. Origins of myths and superstition causing persecution of people with albinism[ edit ] African rituals and spiritual ideas about albinism have led to the brutal murder of and attacks on innocent men, women and especially children.
These ideas have been around for many generations, but in recent years witch doctors have been teaching misconceived ideas about the promise of wealth, success and power when albino hair or limbs are used in a potion as part of witchcraft practices.
This has gained public attention nationally and internationally as these crimes have been reported as crimes against human rights. This creates a serious risk to the lives of persons with albinism as the people believe it will bring them wealth, power, success or health depending on the variances of interpretation. Now the number of killings is well over one hundred, with low conviction rates, and albinos continue to have limbs severed, leaving many crippled or severely maimed, traumatized and tortured in the process.
According to Navi Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, because of the social and educational exclusion which can often occur there are often very low education levels in albinos, so that they lack social and economic tools to live productive lives.
This causes extensive bullying, exclusion from peer groups, low self-esteem and confidence, along with emotional and mental illness stemming from rejection by society and often family members who harbor superstitious myths about albinos.
It is clearly revealed that no matter what mythical or spiritual mantra a person may be following or believing about albinos there is a general view in "nearly all cultures in the region of east Africa held and some still hold the view that albinos are less desirable beings who are less than human. Many children fear to ever return to their families, believing that they may be killed by even their closest relatives.
Ukerewe Island is a key example of this, displayed in the film home to a large community of people with albinism where 62 albinos reside, most likely to remain in solitude and away from albino hunters.
In some communities it is "believed that contact with them will bring bad luck, sickness or death. However, the issues which have created a spotlight for the Human Rights Council of the United Nations are the murder of albinos for medicine and dismemberment, and attacks and murder of persons with albinism. It has also been reported that "miners use the bones of persons with albinism as amulets or bury them where they are drilling for gold. Victims include children snatched or abducted from their parents.
The killers and their accomplices use hair, arms, legs, skin, eyes, genitals, and blood in rituals or for witch potions. It reinforced that "states would adopt specific measures to protect and preserve the rights to life and security of persons with albinism, as well as their right not to be subject to torture and ill treatment, and ensure their access to adequate health care, employment, education and justice. As the representative, on 11 March she submitted a message which overviewed the current status of discrimination against persons with albinism and possible pathways for change and development in protection of albinos.
Also a key issue is the influence of educating the public to encourage the removal of the social stigma associated with albinos in a society which does not completely understand that albinism is not a curse or a spiritual ghost, but simply a skin condition.
It is "imperative to inform the medical community and the general national and international public about the tragedies faced by albinos to protect them from skin cancer and ritualistic murders by individuals seeking wealth through clandestine markets perpetuating witchcraft.
The president ordered a crackdown on witchdoctors in the spring of Police have also been advised to generate lists of albinos and provide special protection for them. There are 52 other families still awaiting justice".
Although according to BBC News one hundred and seventy witch doctors have been arrested for involvement in inhumane interactions and intentions with albinos. The men broke into a refugee house known as the Lugufu Camp in Kigoma in search of the children; although the children remained untouched the women received severe injuries. Films have also been produced to encourage, educate and create an international understanding of the trials which persons with albinism are facing in a modern world still dealing with ancient rituals and practices which encourage murder for medicine.
This is against all international human rights legislation and therefore it is important that persons with albinism are collectively protected. Organisations such as National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation NOAH ,  Tanzania Albino Centre TAC  based in Arusha, Tanzania; aiming to "improve the lives of albinos with educational and medical assistance so that they may live safe, accepted, and prosperous lives in the society of their choice.
The Red Cross have made it very clear in their publications that the government must also take drastic steps in protection of persons with albinism to stop the persecution. They have stated that it is imperative that the government strives to "Ensure effective legal protection for people with albinism, use local administrative structures to locate and protect albino people in hiding and conduct public anti-discrimination campaigns and extend medical services to albinos in need.
He spoke to the house in March urging his colleagues "to join me and Mariamu Stanford in bringing international attention to this horrific abuse of human rights. Albino Awareness day has also been created by Dr Aisha Sethi who is an assistant professor of dermatology in the Pritzker School of Medicine which is celebrated on 4 May each year. The President has also appointed Al-Shymaa Kway-Geer, himself a person with albinism, as an MP who seeks to be a voice in the Tanzanian parliament for protection against persecution of persons with albinism in society and encourages facilities and support of their physical, medical, and education protection and enhancement.
We are driven by the belief that all persons have intrinsic value and since they are created in the image of God. According to Under The Same Sun , to eradicate attacks against persons with albinism, "it is necessary to focus on eliminating reliance on witchcraft beliefs by strengthening the provision of infrastructure such as schools and hospitals while enhancing the sense of fairness by improving on the system of justice.
Amnesty International AI [ edit ] Amnesty International is a human rights organization that was established by Peter Benenson, a British lawyer and human rights activist, in The goal of the organization is to assist in obtaining freedom and success for everyone globally. It has run several campaigns against the persecution and discrimination of persons with albinism. This film became the cornerstone of a national campaign sponsored by Under the Same Sun to end the wave of violence. Other African countries[ edit ] By June killings had been reported in neighboring Kenya and possibly also the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Body parts of the victims are then smuggled to Tanzania where they are used for witch doctor rituals and potions.
It occurs at a frequency of The incidence in Sotho people in northern South Africa is at its highest, with a ratio of in neonates. Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck is the most common type of cutaneous tumours in African patients with albinism.
Non melanoma cancers, namely basal and squamos cell carcinoma, which are usually rare in black populations are common among the vulnerable group living with albinism. Dr Willie Visser, head of the dermatology division at Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Hospital , said that while white South Africans presented with skin cancer only after the age of 60, most albinos presented with skin cancer as young as The government health facilities are required to provide sunblock lotion to albinos on a monthly basis however this need is not always met due to stock-outs and lack of knowledge on the part of health workers.
Additionally, different sociological and psychological give skin colour its many connotations. Skin colour is traditionally an instant indicator of identifying race and racial differences. Traditional definitions of race suggest that race and colour are inseparable however, for people with albinism race and colour are not linked. Though colour and race are used interchangeably, they remain independent grounds for discrimination.
Individuals living with albinism should be protected against unfair discrimination on the basis of their race as well as their skin tone. Individuals living with albinism are exposed to discrimination, stigmatisation and prejudice based on their colour as well as their race.
Skin tone discrimination may be interracial or it can be intraracial. Scott argues that because current classifications of race do not afford people living with albinism adequate protection, a new category of colour should be proposed. The distinctive phenotypical difference of black African people with albinism and the rest of the population group leads to barriers in social integration thus ostracism.
The extent of violent crimes for people with albinism is not as high as other African countries however, surges of violent crimes against people with albinism have been noted. The litigation in the Carmichele case creates a strategy for bringing a precautionary suit against the state based on the contention that the state has a duty to protect persons with albinism from violent acts.
She is one of the few black albino models and albinism activists in the world. This often leads to a negative socialisation of the individual with albinism. The boyfriend lured Mpunzi to an isolated area on the afternoon of August 1, in the Phelandaba area of Emanguzi in northern KwaZulu-Natal.
She was strangled, murdered and body parts dismembered. They planned to sell the body parts of Thandazile Mpunzi for a fortune. Two of the accused pleaded guilty of murder and are sentenced to 20 years imprisonment. Numerous accounts of murdered as well as missing people with albinism are reported. The trading of albino body parts has become a lucrative business. House of Representatives passed H.
Resolution , introduced by Rep.
Albinos of Tanzania
Albino people living on mainland Tanzania, particularly in the Lake Victoria region, live under constant threat. Ritual attacks, kidnappings, trade in organs and body parts, trafficking and sale of Albino children, infanticides are some of most horrific threats for Albino adults and children. Melanin deficiency causes complex visual impairment; it also eliminates natural ability to defend against the sun damage of the skin and results in heightened risk of skin cancer. Eighty percent of Albinos develop skin cancer by the age of 30 in Tanzania. Albinism consequently impacts life expectancy to under age of 40 in many Sub Saharan African Countries.
Tanzania's albino community: 'Killed like animals'
Share Albinism causes extremely pale hair, skin and eyes, eyesight problems and sensitivity to light. While globally it affects approximately one in 20, people, in Tanzania and other parts of east Africa that figure is much higher, likely a result of consanguinity. Albino body parts are highly valued in witchcraft and can fetch a high price in the country. Superstition leads many to believe children with the condition are ghosts who bring bad luck. In an effort to stem the tide of brutal attacks against PWA, the Tanzanian government is trying to reduce the influence of so-called Witch Doctors, the main force behind the superstitions and the attacks The Tanazanian government is working with activists Stichting Afrikaanse Albinos to provide high quality sunscreen to protect PWA from skin cancer Two young boys with albinism lean against a bright white wall in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The images were captured to highlight the suffering endured by albino children in the country Two young boys - one with albinism and one black - pose peacefully together to help raise awareness of the plight of PWA in Dar es Salaam Two albino children stand with their eyes closed against a white wall with one holding a red flower in his mouth Albinos represent one in every approximately 1, births in Tanzania - the largest proportion in all of Africa - and stems from a genetic condition caused by a reduction in melanin, the pigment which colours skin, hair and eyes In February , month-old Yohan Bahati was taken from his home and found dead days later with all of his limbs hacked off - his mother suffered machete wounds to her face when she tried to protect him.
Tanzania albino murders: 'More than 200 witchdoctors' arrested
Nigeria irukadave yahoo. Exhausted and terrified, the five year old slumped in the dust at the end of an alley. She whimpered and cowered while the adults surrounded her and sharpened their knives and machetes. Then they set to work, butchering her and dividing her remains between themselves. She was killed like an animal, by grown men who showed no compassion for another human being. She was an albino see Malone,
Persecution of people with albinism
Share via Email Around 30, people with albinism are thought to be living in Tanzania. In October, citizens will go to the polls to vote in presidential and parliamentary elections. In between we have other smaller elections translating to more abductions, more killings. Sacrifices during this time are thought by some to be a sure way of guaranteeing victory in the polls. Bana believes that some of the roots of the problem lie in the financial downturn in the area around Lake Victoria, one of the regions where there have been the most killings and abductions.