Hamburg[ edit ] The institute was formed in Hamburg , Germany, from the library of Aby Warburg — , a student of Renaissance art and culture, and a scion of the wealthy Jewish Warburg family. As an art historian , Warburg had become dissatisfied with an aestheticising approach to art history and was interested in a more philosophical and interdisciplinary approach. While studying the culture of Renaissance Florence , he grew interested in the influence of antiquity on modern culture , and the study of this second life of the Classical World became his life work. After Warburg returned to Hamburg in , he and Saxl initiated the process of conversion, and the Warburg-Bibliothek officially opened its doors as a research institute in
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Born in Hamburg into a well-established family of bankers, he resigned from his birthright to the business and studied art history, archaeology, history, philosophy, and, briefly, psychology. In — Warburg went on an ultimately formative field trip to Arizona and New Mexico to study native Indian culture before he focused on Italian Renaissance art.
In he settled in Florence for nearly five years to fathom the fundamentals of 15th-century art and culture in local archives.
After his return to Hamburg, he decided to establish a library for his very own enterprise. Warburg refused two professorships but accepted the honorific professorial title in A lifelong suffering from bipolarity aggravated during World War I. He recovered only slowly to a final productive period from to when he embarked on his major work, the Bilderatlas titled Mnemosyne.
He called this discipline Kulturwissenschaft science of culture , himself a Bildhistoriker image historian , and his method iconology: literally a combination of the study of word and image that relied on merging a historical with a meta-historical approach to various forms of visual expression.
At the same time, he promoted a historical turn that relied on close attention to the political and social ramifications of culture. Warburg thus combined the evolutionist theory of his days with a positivistic study of historical documents. After focusing first on the Italian Renaissance, he turned his attention to the German Reformation and to the subsequent scientific revolution.
Crucial times of crisis, he believed, had activated an evolution of thinking toward the Enlightenment, although any human being maintained the potential for regression to irrational behavior. Such forms, he believed, were coined in archaic times and peaked in Classical Antiquity. Subsequently all his studies were dedicated at a phenomenon that he called the Nachleben der Antike Afterlife of Antiquity. General Overviews While the literature on Warburg is vast and the number of publications has increased dramatically with the so-called iconic turn and subsequent rediscovery of his work, comprehensive general overviews are rare.
The same is true for Didi-Huberman Bing, Gertrud. DOI: Focuses on Warburg as a tireless fighter for the reformation of art history. Stresses the shift in the reception from his factual achievements to the method he applied.
Conceived as introduction to Warburg cited under Editions: Collected Works and also published there in Italian. Warburg — Edited by Axel Michaels, — Munich: C. Beck, Stresses the resulting unsolvable tension between a structural and a historical reading of the genesis of civilization.
Reprinted in Kulturwissenschaften. Didi-Huberman, Georges. Forster, Kurt W. Gombrich, Ernst H. London: Phaidon, Contains long quotations from unpublished materials. Aby Warburg. Paderborn, Germany: Wilhelm Fink, At times the text is too detached from the material it introduces. Appears as a digest of the secondary literature of recent years and posthumous editions. The bibliography is slim and concentrates on German authors. Saxl, Fritz. He singles out two aspects: the influence of both physical and emotional movement on the formation of style and the revival of the Olympian gods in Renaissance Italy.
Schoell-Glass, Charlotte. Edited by Ulrich Pfisterer, — Stresses his public engagements and the fortuna of his achievements; adds a short bibliography. Warnke, Martin. Edited by Heinrich Dilly, — Berlin: Reimer,
Aby Warburg: an intellectual biography,
Zulkirg The Shaw Research Library. Language English View all editions Prev Next edition 2 biohraphy 3. Common terms and phrases Aby Warburg aesthetic Agostino di Duccio ancient Antike antiquity art history artist astrological Bild Botticelli Burckhardt burg civilization classical classical antiquity Claudius Civilis culture demons diary Diirer drafts drapery E. No eBook available Amazon. These 11 locations in All: May not be open to the public Held. One of his most popular titles is The Story of Art, which has been translated into 18 languages and sold more than two million copies. University of Western Australia.
Aby Warburg : an intellectual biography
In the 18th century the Warburgs moved to Altona near Hamburg. Two brothers Warburg founded the banking firm M. Aby Warburg showed an early interest in literature and history and the second eldest son, Max Warburg went into the Hamburg bank, younger brothers Paul and Felix also entered banking. Max Warburg established the Warburg family bank as a "global player". Childhood and youth[ edit ] Max Warburg Warburg grew up in a conservative Jewish home environment. Early on he demonstrated an unstable, unpredictable and volatile temperament. Warburg as a child reacted against the religious rituals which were punctiliously observed in his family, and rejected all career plans envisaged for him.