Congress of the United States begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine. THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution. RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz. Note: The following text is a transcription of the first ten amendments to the Constitution in their original form.
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Would strictly control the size of congressional districts that United States Congressmen could cover. Pending since September 25, Would take away citizenship from any United States citizen who accepts a title of nobility from another country.
Would make it impossible for Congress to end slavery by using a constitutional amendment. Pending since March 2, Would give the federal government the power to limit, control, and ban child labor. Pending since June 2, Would have made it illegal for the federal or state governments to refuse equal rights to men and women. Initial ratification period ended March 22, and extension period ended June 30, ; amendment failed.
Would have given Washington, D. This would have included repealing the 23rd Amendment. Ratification period ended August 22, ; Amendment failed. See the page on the Fifth Amendment for more information. The government used the United States Census to figure out how many people were in each state, and "apportioned" the taxes so, for example, a state with twice as many people would pay twice as much.
The state legislatures chose them. Rich white people could afford the tax; poor white people were often allowed to skip paying the poll tax.
But African-Americans always had to pay poll taxes before voting, and many could not afford to, so they could not vote.
Verfassung der Vereinigten Staaten
Twenty-seven of these, having been ratified by the requisite number of states 38, since , are part of the Constitution. The first ten amendments were adopted and ratified simultaneously and are known collectively as the Bill of Rights. Six amendments adopted by Congress and sent to the states have not been ratified by the required number of states. Four of these amendments are still pending, one is closed and has failed by its own terms, and one is closed and has failed by the terms of the resolution proposing it. All 33 amendments are listed and detailed in the tables below. Amendments must be properly proposed and ratified before becoming operative. This process was designed to strike a balance between the excesses of constant change and inflexibility.
List of amendments to the U.S. Constitution
Would strictly control the size of congressional districts that United States Congressmen could cover. Pending since September 25, Would take away citizenship from any United States citizen who accepts a title of nobility from another country. Would make it impossible for Congress to end slavery by using a constitutional amendment. Pending since March 2, Would give the federal government the power to limit, control, and ban child labor.
List of amendments to the United States Constitution
Additional Amendments There are currently 27 ratified amendments of which the first ten are known as the Bill of Rights to the Constitution since its enactment. The fifth article of the U. Constitution details the procedure for amending it. For an amendment to become official, it must pass a majority of two-thirds from both the House and the Senate of the United States Congress. Alternatively, an amendment could be proposed through the state legislatures with a majority of two-thirds a process called constitutional convention. It is then officially a component of the Constitution when three-fourths of States ratify it. Protects the right to petition the government.
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