Daikus A century later, the Fathers of the fourth Ecumenical Synod from Chalcedonthrough the 28th canon, a controversial one unaccepted by the Roman-Catholic Church and long debated in the ecumenical Orthodoxy, recognized the jurisdiction of the Constantinopolitan seat over the dioceses of Asia, Pontus and Thrace. Drept canonic — OrthodoxWiki Liviu Stan  noted, the new theses  issued at the biserjcesc of the 20th century, besides their provocative character in Orthodoxy, ignored the dogmatic and canonical principles of the Orthodox Church, through these contesting the very canonicity of the proclamation acts of autocephaly by the ancient patriarchates. Ecclesiastical legislation and administration  Drept canonic ortodox. In consequence, the metropolitans found under the jurisdiction of the other historical Patriarchies bisericesf not under his authority.
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Tojora The filetism is regarded by these theologians, supporters of the Constantinopolitan seat, as a nationalist principle applied in the ecclesiastical area, ignoring in the same time the word of our Saviour, addressed to His disciples before His Ascension: Truly, one canon, previous to the era of Ecumenical and local Synods canons, included the two words which the term of autocephaly was born from autoz and kejalhthat is the 34th Apostolic canon.
Complete autocephalies may exist even without the express approval of an ecumenical synod, the ecclesiastical autocephalous units being able to rdept themselves either spontaneously, or through autocephaly proclamation acts issued by certain existent autocephalous Churches. Another great theologian of bosericesc Church, Fr. Iulian Mihai L. CONSTANTINESCU: The principle of ecclesiastical autocephaly The fact that until the 19th century the word autocephaly was rarely used is due to the use of different expressions that expressed the same content or to the use of the term autonomy and of other terms synonym to the one of autocephaly.
Therefore, the 34th apostolic canon the beginning of the 4th century includes the canonical principles of organization and working of the Church, two of them being the ethnic principle and the autocephaly. Besides these grounds there can be added some political grounds, i. The dogmatic grounds have their source in the harmony between the organizational regulations of the ecclesiastical units and the truths of faith, mentioning here the two canonical principles with dogmatic and juridical background, the synodal principle and the hierarchical one.
The consequence of proclaiming the autocephaly is the obtaining of rights by the Church recognized as autocephalous . Liviu Stan  noted, the new theses  issued at the bisericezc of the 20th century, besides their provocative character in Orthodoxy, ignored the dogmatic and canonical principles of the Orthodox Church, through these contesting the very canonicity of the proclamation acts of autocephaly by the ancient patriarchates.
Notes and comments Canoanele Bisericii Ortodoxe. Drept canonic These jurisdictions attributed to the Constantinopolitan seat is explained by the fact that, being in the capital of the Empire, it had a small diocesan jurisdiction, considering it necessary to increase the jurisdictional territory, corresponding to its dignity of patriarchal seat of the imperial capital.
Ant; 3rd, 6th Sard. The text of the canon shows expressly the jurisdiction of the Constantinopolitan seat over the three dioceses, as well as over their barbarian lands, that is over their Diasporas. These positions of Prof. This fact is highlighted by the great canonist fooca the 13th century, Joannes Zonaras who, interpreting the 17th can. We mention here that the importance and the necessity of spiritual dependency of the orthodox communities in Diaspora of the mother-Churches and of their original countries was underlined bisericezc by the Ecumenical Patriarchy, in the epistles sent in to the Holy Synod of the Greek Church, as well as biserucesc the synodal Tomos no.
Lecturer Iulian Mihai L. Autocephaly, autonomy, ethnic principle, jurisdiction, inter-orthodox relations, Diaspora In the latest decades, in the bosom of ecumenical Orthodoxy were carried numerous discussions on the institution of autocephaly, as form of organization of the orthodox ecclesiastical territorial units as well as the procedure of their constitution and this despite the canonical regulations and the traditional practice of the Church.
A restraint autonomy is attributed to the different settlements or associations, irrespective of their rite, Latin or Byzantine. The autocephaly must be canonically conferred, i. Besides the list of Saint Epiphanius and its subsequent versions, the term of autocephaly is mentioned by numerous writers in documents or official acts.
The Romanian canonist appreciates that the natural grounds consist in the necessity to model the ecclesiastical units according to the same natural laws that are used by all human communities, for their leading and organization.
The heads of the autocephalous Churches enjoyed equal power, non-existing the confusion between the jurisdictional rights and the honorific primacy.
III, Paris,p. Although there were — and still are — numerous dissension regarding the institution of autocephaly and the ecclesiastical jurisdictions, all canonists accept that the interpretation of the canons that concern the principle of autocephaly and the other principles in tight connection it can be realized only in the light of the historical data, data which must also be related to the orthodox canonical doctrine .
Likewise, the Constantinopolitan Church received privileges and prerogatives from the byzantine emperors, being an imperial city. These theses, unfortunately embraced nowadays too in the Greek orthodox world, were supporting the exclusive competence of authority of the ecumenical synod to proclaim the autocephaly of the ecclesiastical territorial units, all the post-synodal i.
Iorgu Ivan affirms, as a confirmation of the old custom at which referred the 6th can. An actual ecclesiological and canonical contribution Ph. The canonical regulations concerning the organization of an autocephalous Church were established in time, by ecclesiastical practice, being the true expression of the canonical and dogmatic principle established in canons, firstly in the text of the apostolic canons and subsequently through the authentic interpretation of these by the ecumenical and local synods in their canonical work.
To this autocephalous ecclesiastical setup it is given an expression, it is canonically settled, in the text of the 34th apostolic canon, which includes the principle of autocephaly, too, being, in the 5th century, interpreted through the 8th canon of the 3rd ecumenical Synod Ephesus, and rediscovered in the canonical resolutions of the 4th ecumenical Synod Chalcedon, The divine authority of the principles established by the Holy Apostles in organizing and governing the Church cannot be put in doubt.
Later, this term was misinterpreted by the Greek historians and canonists, biseircesc to justify their illegitimate pretentions of the Ecumenical Patriarchy on the jurisdiction of the entire Diaspora . Therefore, the autocephaly is not requested in random conditions, but the constitution of an autocephalous Church must fulfill certain conditions, bisericcesc above.
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