The defense style questionnaire. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 4 , Items are listed by mature, neurotic, and immature factors. In parentheses at the end of each item is the specific defense that the item was designed to measure. I work out my anxiety through doing something constructive and creative like painting or woodwork. When I have to face a difficult situation I try to imagine what it will be like and plan ways to cope with it.
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The DSQ is a paper-pen, self-report questionnaire, with two versions containing either 88 or 40 items. Each item is a statement that the subject scores according to the degree of agreement to its content on a Likert-type interval scale, with scores ranging from one total disagreement to nine full agreement.
Although defenses have been defined and differentiated for some time, their unconscious nature made their empirical measurement difficult.
This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. References Bond, M. An empirical study of defensive styles: The Defense Style Questionnaire. In Ego mechanisms of defense: A guide for clinicians and researchers pp. Google Scholar Bond, M. Empirical studies of defense style: Relationships with psychopathology and change. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 12 5 , — Empirical study of self-rated defense styles.
Archives of General Psychiatry, 40 3 , Validating the self-report of defense styles. Journal of Personality Disorders, 3 2 , — The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 11 , — The ego and the mechanisms of defence. London: Karnac Books. Google Scholar Thygesen, K. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 8 2 , — Google Scholar Vaillant, G. An empirically validated hierarchy of defense mechanisms. Archives of General Psychiatry, 43 8 , —
[Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40): factors, validity and reliability].
Defense Style Questionnaire
Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ-40): factors, validity and reliability