Download 22MB PDF About The Public Administration of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy "My doctoral dissertation on The Public Administration of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy was never published because over-specialized experts who read the version revised for publication persisted in rejecting the aspects of the book in which they were not specialists. The only man who read it and had the slightest idea what it was all about was Salvemini, the great historian from the University of Florence, who was a refugee in this country at the time. But these national and chronological boundaries are exactly the ones recent historians hesitate to cross The Oscar Iden Lectures. From The Evolution of Civilizations "Indeed the direction and coordination of scientific activities with respect to world problems requires guidance by persons with a wider perspective than that provided by specialization in the natural sciences alone. Such perspective can best be found in the study of the past.
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In America, almost everyone could afford to buy a gun, and could learn how to use it fairly easily. In the s, expensive, specialist weapons such as tanks and bombers became available, and citizen soldiers became dominated by specialist soldiers. The complex character and achievement of Goethe, for example, were divided into six portions, each was given a title, and, ever after, the whole of Goethe could be evoked merely by reciting six words I should like to outdare even my former professor by dividing this greater complexity [Classical culture] into only five parts.
The enormous size of this field has made it advisable to curtail our attention to the process of social change, especially in civilizations. And then, as a student at Georgetown, I heard that call clarified by a professor named Carroll Quigley, who said to us that America was the greatest Nation in history because our people had always believed in two things—that tomorrow can be better than today and that every one of us has a personal moral responsibility to make it so.
His writing on this topic has made Quigley famous among many who investigate conspiracy theories. Quigley notes that "The organization was so modified and so expanded by Milner after the eclipse of Stead in , and especially after the death of Rhodes in , that it took on quite a different organization and character, although it continued to pursue the same goals. I have chosen to call it the Milner group.
Those persons who have used the other terms, or heard them used, have not generally been aware that all these various terms referred to the same Group At several points in this book, the history of the Milner group is discussed. Moreover, Quigley states that he has recently been in direct contact with this organization, whose nature he contrasts to right-wing claims of a communist conspiracy: This radical Right fairy tale, which is now an accepted folk myth in many groups in America, pictured the recent history of the United States , in regard to domestic reform and in foreign affairs, as a well-organized plot by extreme Left-wing elements This myth, like all fables, does in fact have a modicum of truth.
There does exist, and has existed for a generation, an international Anglophile network which operates, to some extent, in the way the Radical right believes the Communists act.
In fact, this network, which we may identify as the Round Table Groups , has no aversion to cooperating with the Communists, or any other group, and frequently does so. I know of the operation of this network because I have studied it for twenty years and was permitted for two years, in the early s, to examine its papers and secret records. I have no aversion to it or to most of its aims and have, for much of my life, been close to it and to many of its instruments.
I have objected, both in the past and recently, to a few of its policies Baron Brand from to , and Adam D. Marris from until the time Quigley wrote his book. This organization also functioned through certain loosely affiliated "front groups", including the Royal Institute of International Affairs , the Institute of Pacific Relations , and the Council on Foreign Relations.
The first third of this book consists of extensive excerpts from Tragedy and Hope, interspersed with commentary by Skousen. I happen to know some of them and liked them, although I disagreed with some of the things they did before Carroll Quigley proved everything. For example, they constantly misquote me to this effect: that Lord Milner the dominant trustee of the Cecil Rhodes Trust and a heavy in the Round Table Group helped finance the Bolsheviks. Further, None Dare Call It Conspiracy insists that international bankers were a single bloc, were all powerful and remain so today.
I, on the contrary, stated in my book that they were much divided, often fought among themselves, had great influence but not control of political life and were sharply reduced in power about , when they became less influential than monopolized industry. William Engdahl , in an overview of financial imperialism entitled The Gods of Money, criticized Quigley for stating that the power of international bankers declined in the s, and insofar as the influence of international bankers in America was concerned, suggested that Quigley was confusing "international finance" with Morgan interests.
Engdahl argued that it was not the case that the power of "international finance" declined, but rather, Morgan interests fell and were replaced by Rockefeller interests.
Members of the group, in statements recorded by the New York Times in , proclaimed that they formed their society for the purpose of "gradually absorbing the wealth of the world". He stated that they emphatically did not want the League of Nations to become a World Government. Yet Lionel Curtis , who, according to Quigley, was one of the leaders of the Round Table movement, wished for it to be a World government with teeth, writing articles with H. Wells urging this. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
La Evolucion de las Civilizaciones in Spanish. Mexico City: Hermes. A Evolucao das Civilazacoes in Portuguese. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Fundo de Cultura.
The Evolution of Civilizations - An Introduction to Historical Analysis (1979)
The Evolution of Civilizations: An Introduction to Historical Analysis
The Evolution of Civilizations