This example uses algebraic notation. He and other young masters successfully requested the support of a senior Leningrad Communist Party official in arranging contests involving both Soviet and foreign players, as there had been none since the Moscow chess tournament. In spite of this attempt to dissuade him, Krylenko insisted on staging the match, saying that "We have to know our real strength. However, aided by his old friend Ragozin and coach Abram Model, he leveled the score in Leningrad and the match was drawn.
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He was raised in Leningrad now St. He learned the game early and progressed rapidly, winning the 1st of his 6 USSR Championships in ; the other 5 victories were in , , , and He also won the Leningrad tournament of , the Absolute Soviet Championship in , and the Sverdlovsk super tournament of He also won the Tchigorin Memorial tournament of and came equal first with David Bronstein in the Alekhine Memorial of He retained the crown in against David Bronstein when he tied the match, by winning and drawing his last two games.
He again retained it in against Vasily Smyslov by again drawing the match, however Smyslov turned the tables in by wresting the crown from Botvinnik. At the time, a defeated champion was entitled to a return match the following year and so in , Botvinnik defeated Smyslov in a return match.
Likewise, after losing to Mikhail Tal in , Botvinnik defeated him in a return match in He lost the title for the last time to Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian in FIDE had eliminated the return match and so Botvinnik chose to retire from world championship play. Generally regarded as the Patriarch of the Soviet Chess School, his style was based on rigorous opening preparation, deep calculation, and accurate endgame technique.
Students of his school include Anatoly Karpov , Garry Kasparov and many more. Live footages of Botvinnik from starting at the following link: Mikhail Botvinnik.
He was very strong and well-rounded in all aspects of the game, with a focus on methodical and long-term strategic play. Botvinnik viewed himself as having a "universal style", which he could change according to who he was facing. He was not afraid of any type of position, and would often seek complications and unclear positions. Here is a classic attacking example from a very young Botvinnik: From Amateur to Soviet Champion Botvinnik learned chess at the age of 12, and two years later he defeated World Champion Jose Raul Capablanca in a simultaneous exhibition game. His chess continued to improve quickly during his teenage years. In , he placed 5th in the Soviet Union Championships and earned his National Master title at the age of In , he won the Leningrad Championship, his first major title.
Botvinnik On The Endgame