He grew up in a well-known and wealthy entrepreneurial and intellectual family. His family was active in culture and politics in Czechoslovakia from the s to the s. His father owned of the suburb of Barrandov. This area is the highest part of Prague.
|Published (Last):||5 January 2014|
|PDF File Size:||1.10 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.43 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He grew up in a well-known and wealthy entrepreneurial and intellectual family. His family was active in culture and politics in Czechoslovakia from the s to the s.
His father owned of the suburb of Barrandov. This area is the highest part of Prague. Her father was an ambassador and journalist. Havel completed his required education in However, the Communist government did not allow him to continue to study formally because of his bourgeois family background.
In the early s, the young Havel entered a four-year apprenticeship as a chemical laboratory assistant. He took evening classes at the same time and completed his secondary education in None of the colleges or universities with humanities programs would accept Havel for political reasons. He dropped out after two years. His mother was against the marriage.
He left office after his second term as Czech president ended on 2 February Every member of the Federal Assembly voted to make him president. This was a surprising change because Havel had always said that he was not interested in politics. He and other dissidents had said that change should come from groups of people directly, not from the government.
Czechoslovakia had free elections in Havel won and continued to be president. Havel wanted to keep of the federation of the Czechs and the Slovaks together during the breakup of Czechoslovakia. He supported keeping the country together despite stress and pressure. On 3 July the federal parliament did not elect Havel — the only candidate — because Slovak MPs did not support him. Havel resigned as president on 20 July after the Slovaks issued their Declaration of Independence.
He stood for election as president of the new Czech Republic in He won and became president of this new, separate country. Havel was quite popular throughout his career. However, some of his actions caused controversy and criticism.
One of his first acts as a president was to pardon many people. He wanted to both reduce the pressure in overcrowded prisons and release those who may have been falsely imprisoned during the Communist era. He did not trust the decisions of a corrupt court of the previous government.
He thought most in prison had not been fairly tried in court. Critics claimed that this amnesty raised the crime rate. In his memoir , To the Castle and Back, Havel wrote that most of the people he released had less than a year left to stay in prison. Statistics about this are not clear. Havel said that the most important thing he did as president was breaking up the Warsaw Pact. Ending this group of countries was very complicated because the association was a deep part of how the countries worked.
It took two years before the Soviet troops finally left Czechoslovakia completely. Havel was very important to changing NATO. He helped change it from an anti- Warsaw Pact alliance to a group that includes former-Warsaw Pact members. Havel spoke very strongly for expanding of the military alliance into Eastern Europe, including the Czech Republic.
Includes a chapter placing the asnace trend in Czech drama in an international context. The Velvet Revolution and Beyond. Order of the Liberator San Martin Collar. It aims to identify the key issues facing civilization and to explore ways in which to prevent escalation of conflicts that have religion, culture or ethnicity as their primary components.