Akinorisar In fact, it is difficult to sustain such a connection. Thus, the measure came first and then it was decided what the measure might be referring to. The logic of experimen- tal design is that the former group is exposed to an experimental stimu- lus the independent variable but the control group is not. Our interest…lies in the principles employed by the pupils themselves to fit the actions they describe into a meaningful framework.
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The basic terms of the debate have been felt in many of the disciplines which make up the social sciences, especially sociology, social psychology, education research, organization studies, and evaluation research. The discussions about the nature and relative virtues of quantitative and qualitative research reveal a mixture of philosophical issues and considerations of the virtues and vices of the methods of data collection with which each of these two research traditions is associated.
In this book, I address the nature of quantitative and qualitative research, as generally perceived by the participants in the debate. I also examine the extent to which there is a clear connection between the practices of researchers working within each of the two traditions and underlying philosophical positions, as posited by the debate.
The possibility of integrating quantitative and qualitative research is also examined. The book has been written with undergraduates and postgraduates studying research methods in such fields as sociology, social pyschology, education, organization studies, social policy, and similar subjects in mind.
I wish to thank thirteen generations of undergraduates who have taken my Research Methods course at Loughborough University. Many of the ideas in this book derive from this contact. Martin Bulmer has been a supportive and extremely helpful editor. I am grateful to Michael Billig and Louis Cohen for their advice on a number of chapters.
I also wish to thank Richard Jenkins for a personal communication relating to his research on Belfast youth. My wife, Sue, offered much stylistic advice, for which I am grateful.
Quantity and Quality in Social Research