LANDSCAPES OF CHANGE SANFORD KWINTER PDF

Nile In fact, forms represent nothing absolute […]. The same follows more upstream — water has an enormous impact on wildlife ecologies and the landscape that supports them. In terms of architecture I think this makes sense though, at least from my very limited understanding of the reading. Create a free website or blog at WordPress. Or only seem so because we are unwilling to leave anything to chance with our inability to accept the unexpected? You are commenting using your WordPress.

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What does Modern Topological Theory do? Topology describes transformational events deformations that introduce real discontinuities into the evolution of the system itself. Those events are determined by the singularities of the flow space and not the quantitative substrate.

What do we mean by singularities? What is form? Forms are not fixed things but continuous metastable events … Forms are always new and unpredictable unfoldings shaped by their adventures in time. Why are forms susceptible to change? This energy comes from other systems contiguous to it and operating within it or upon it: that is, at entirely different scales of action. What keeps a system dynamic? What does the flow of energy do to the system?

Information from outside the system will pass to the inside. Information from certain levels in the system is transported to other levels, with dramatic results as some parts or strata can not withhold the minimum change and thus precipitate a catastrophe forcing the system to find a new equilibrium.

What is catastrophe theory? Form is the result of strife and conflict. Catastrophe theory is interested in the effects of forces applied on a dynamical system from outside, forces that it then becomes the task of the system to neutralize, absorb, or resolve.

A catastrophe can occur only in the region of a singularity. The catastrophe set is a three dimensional, unpredictable and open ended irruption of a 2d surface and thus an example of virtual form. What is a virtual form? What is an epigenetic landscape? It is an undulating topographical surface in phase space whose multiplicity of valleys corresponds to the possible trajectories shapes of any body evolving on it.

Seen from above any form is susceptible to to any exogenous forces. Seen from below, it features a complex network of interaction underlying it. References Kwinter, S.

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Does tightening our grip lead to greater catastrophe? Email required Address never made public. Forms are not fixed things but continuous metastable events safnord Forms are always new and unpredictable unfoldings shaped by their adventures in time. What keeps a system dynamic?

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LANDSCAPES OF CHANGE SANFORD KWINTER PDF

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