KENNETH POMERANZ THE GREAT DIVERGENCE PDF

Of course, this begs the question as to why it was Europe, and not China, that engaged in a period of Discovery; that Europe as Mokyr has argued was already ahead in early forms of industrialization well before , during the 16th and 17th centuries; why it was Europe that built and then USED guns e. But there is something more to be added to this -- namely, to use J. The Chinese had technology gunpowder and they had theory science , but like the Greeks of the Hellenistic period who only used their knowledge of steam-power to power toys at the court of the Ptolemies, they largely failed to combine the two -- which is precisely what was accomplished, to a degree previously undreamt of, in the Europe of the 15thth century. What Europe had, of course, that was unique -- was a fully developed and formalizable theory of induction, which had been developed by logicians in Oxford at the time of Robert Grosseteste see, e. This concept of analysis by which one passes from the confused whole presented in sensation to the elements that compose it -- and then, via synthesis, back to the whole -- this concept of analysis, however, as Francis Bacon and only a few others have seen, was derived directly from the Socratic dialectic -- which itself is inconceivable without the highly articulated and inflected nature of the ancient Greek language. I read this book about a year -- no, maybe two years ago -- and was not impressed.

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Of course, this begs the question as to why it was Europe, and not China, that engaged in a period of Discovery; that Europe as Mokyr has argued was already ahead in early forms of industrialization well before , during the 16th and 17th centuries; why it was Europe that built and then USED guns e. But there is something more to be added to this -- namely, to use J. The Chinese had technology gunpowder and they had theory science , but like the Greeks of the Hellenistic period who only used their knowledge of steam-power to power toys at the court of the Ptolemies, they largely failed to combine the two -- which is precisely what was accomplished, to a degree previously undreamt of, in the Europe of the 15thth century.

What Europe had, of course, that was unique -- was a fully developed and formalizable theory of induction, which had been developed by logicians in Oxford at the time of Robert Grosseteste see, e. This concept of analysis by which one passes from the confused whole presented in sensation to the elements that compose it -- and then, via synthesis, back to the whole -- this concept of analysis, however, as Francis Bacon and only a few others have seen, was derived directly from the Socratic dialectic -- which itself is inconceivable without the highly articulated and inflected nature of the ancient Greek language.

I read this book about a year -- no, maybe two years ago -- and was not impressed. Of course, this is not my field, and it was the first book I had read on the topic of the great divergence -- so the following needs to be taken with large heapings of salt….

First of all the writing was turgid and repetitive -- it had all of the vices, and none of the graces of good academic writing. But more than that though that is a lot , I recall feeling that the book underweighted the advantages that Europe had in terms of a culture of rational analysis -- that must have been critical to the development of industrialization. So knowledge of a thing does not necessarily mean that a thing gets used.

There has to be some sort of intellectual catalyst, as well as a material one.

CHOPIN REGENTROPFEN PRELUDE NOTEN PDF

The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy

There are many sub-questions one can ask—e. Is it England? England and parts of the Continent? How does America fit in? When exactly did this takeoff begin?

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Great Divergence

Reviews 4 The Great Divergence brings new insight to one of the classic questions of history: Why did sustained industrial growth begin in Northwest Europe, despite surprising similarities between advanced areas of Europe and East Asia? As Ken Pomeranz shows, as recently as , parallels between these two parts of the world were very high in life expectancy, consumption, product and factor markets, and the strategies of households. Perhaps most surprisingly, Pomeranz demonstrates that the Chinese and Japanese cores were no worse off ecologically than Western Europe. Another crucial difference that he notes has to do with trade.

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