Pablos sets out in life with two aims: to learn virtue and to become a caballero gentleman. He fails miserably in both. Brian Morris has written that Quevedo pursues Pablos with a series of "desgracias He knows no other.
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Pablos sets out in life with two aims: to learn virtue and to become a caballero gentleman. He fails miserably in both. Brian Morris has written that Quevedo pursues Pablos with a series of "desgracias He knows no other. He is young, innocent, a little foolish. They were enemies all their lives. Linguistic significance[ edit ] Picaresque works are valuable linguistically because they record the argot of many sectors of society -both the language of the antihero and the criminals the antihero meets on his travels.
In terms of its structure, it is divided into three books. Book One is divided into seven chapters; Book Two is divided into six chapters; Book Three has ten chapters. One scholar has argued that the structure Quevedo adopts is not one of randomness and Pablos the focus around whom a series of satirical characters and situations group. His father, Clemente Pablo, is a barber and a thief.
His mother, Aldonza, is a prostitute and a witch. Pablos wishes to go to school, and his parents agree to let him go. At school, he befriends a boy named Don Diego Coronel, but Pablos suffers various setbacks there. Pablos decides to neither return to school nor home, and remains as the friend and companion of Don Diego, who also decides to leave school.
The two boys suffer from hunger at the hands of Cabra. On their way there, they stop at an inn, where Pablos is mocked and hazed by a group of students. During the night, he is beaten again by four students who shared a room with him. Pablos then acts out, killing some pigs that did not belong to him, and puts on a party, tricking his landlady into giving him two chickens.
He also robs some sweets from a local merchant and some swords from the rector and a justice of the peace. His friends laugh at his antics. Pablos then receives a letter that his father has been hanged and his mother imprisoned. For his part, Don Diego receives a letter from his father stating that he does not wish for his son and Pablos to be friends. Book Two[ edit ] On his way to Segovia to claim his inheritance, Pablos encounters a slightly mad engineer.
Many villages were totally abandoned as a result, and local aristocrats were complaining that the new laborers were fewer in number and were not as familiar with local agricultural techniques.
They stay at an inn, and Pablos encounters a teacher there, who attempts to give him a lesson. Pablos and the engineer part ways. The next day, Pablos comes across an old cleric, also mad, and they eat dinner at an inn.
They also part ways. Pablos continues on his journey, coming across a soldier with terrible wounds, as well as a hermit. They reach Cercedilla. They play cards and the hermit tricks Pablos and the soldiers, thus getting all of the winnings. While everyone is sleeping off the drink, Pablos goes for a walk.
When he returns, he kicks out all of the partygoers except for his uncle, with whom he discusses his inheritance. Pablos takes leave of his uncle, and heads for Madrid, and encounters a man who claims to be a gentleman who has visited the royal court. The alleged hidalgo gives Pablos lessons on how to behave himself at court, how to lie, how to take advantage of certain situations. Pablos, still wishing to become a gentleman, is dressed in rags and patched-up clothing.
He is subsequently arrested and thrown into prison, along with his new-found friends. Pablos befriends the jailer, who decides not to flog him. His friends, however, are flogged and exiled to Seville. Pablos decides to pretend to be rich in order to win over the daughter of the innkeeper, Berenguela de Rebolledo. Berenguela falls for his lies and tells Pablos to visit her at night by climbing the rooftop and entering her room in this manner.
Unfortunately, the roof collapses. The innkeepers wake up, and, infuriated, beat him and have him thrown into jail. They whip him in jail, until he is liberated by two men, one from Portugal, the other from Catalonia , who also had their sights set on Berenguela. The two men try to arrange a marriage between Berenguela and Pablos, but Pablos encounters some rich, elderly women. One of these old women, however, has three nieces, all single, and wants Pablos to marry one of them.
As they picnic, a gentleman approaches, who is none other than Don Diego. He spots Pablos without being noticed himself. Pablos plays cards with all the ladies, and wins a lot of money. The next day Don Diego confronts him, and has his old friend beaten. He is arrested by a justice of the peace and taken to an inn.
Pablos remains there, until he takes to the road again with a new career: that of a beggar. Pablos earns some money and buys new clothes, a sword, and a hat, and takes off to Toledo , where no one will recognize him. Pablos meets up and joins a group of comedic actors, and Pablos works as a script writer for them. The leader of this band of actors, however, is apprehended by the police. The group is dispersed and Pablos abandons this profession and falls in love with a nun.
He goes to mass frequently to see her; the nun ignores him. He travels to Seville, where he joins a group of thieves. The thieves go out to drink and eat together, and become intoxicated. When they return home, they are stopped by the police, who kill one of the thieves. The others disperse and are not caught, but Pablos and the other thieves decide to try their luck in the Indies , to see if their luck will change. Pablos tells us, at the end of the novel, that things in the Americas went even worse for him there.
Francisco es el tercero de seis hermanos. Quevedo en esta novela utiliza el narrador en primera persona, porque es mas grotesco si el propio personaje es el que narra sus desgracias con el atrevimiento del que presumen los ignorantes. El 8 de septiembre de muere. Pablos, quiere ir al colegio, y sus padres discuten sobre su futuro oficio, al final se sale con la suya y va al colegio.
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Francisco de Quevedo: Biografía y Obras