The greenish grey inner bark contrasts strongly with the papery reddish outermost bark. It is leafy only during summer rainy season, quickly drought deciduous in autumn. Related species: Bursera grandifolia look like to the related Bursera simaruba but is readily distinguished by its unusual bark, fewer, larger, velvety-pubescent leaflets with prominent veins, and ornamental masses of pink to whitish flowers. Stem: Trunk to cm in diameter.

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It lends itself perfectly to chuhin midsize bonsai. This taxon is extremely variable and hybridize in nature with sympatricaly grown species and form a taxonomically difficult group. Stem: This species develops a swollen short, trunk caudex , the bark is very attractive, tight and smooth, reddish brown, grey or yellow, flaky, papery and peeling to reveal grey-green.

Twig are widespreading, resinous and stout but flexible, reddish brown. Leaves: Aromatic, alternate, imparipinnate with 1 to 7 pairs rarely 9 of leaflets per leaf; broadly lanceolate, base cuneate, 0,5 to 3cm long and 0,3 to 1 cm wide, up to 10 cm overall, petiole 5 to 15 mm in length; glabrous on both surfaces, margin entire, sub-toothed, toothed or serrate.

Flower: Unisexual, small, creamy white, borne on long stalks, may be clustered, solitary or in pairs in the axils of leaves; calyx 1 to 2 mm long, glabrous; petals 3 to 6 mm long, whitish; stamens usually 6, sometimes 8 to 10; The female flowers usually with both sexes well developed but one of them usually is not functional.

Fruit: The fruit is a brown or bluish drupe about 5 to 8 mm in length maturing in late fall. Notes: Its aromatic resin has been used traditionally in perfumes, incense, and oils throughout the centuries. The copal incense can be burned on a incense burning disk, its smell is said to calm and clear the mind. Bursera fagaroides Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli Bursera, ready to sprout after dormancy.

Photo by: K. Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli Cultivation and Propagation: Bursera fagaroides is a striking drought-resistant shrub or small tree fairly easy to grow both indoors, as well as outdoors. It has potential as a landscape subject in the cactus and succulent garden essentially frost-free areas. In the winters it is deciduous. The leaves are aromatic when crushed. Soil: Not picky about soil it do well in a draining cactus potting mix. Exposure: It needs full sun. Indoors it is best to err on the dry side, or it is prone to rot.

Bonsai culture: It can be trained as a bonsai, pinch and prune plants in spring and summer but taper off in autumn so the tree can store energy for the winter instead of using it to put on new growth before resting.

Propagation: By seeds or rarely by cuttings. Seed viability appears high regardless of season of collection. Seeds germinate germinate quite easily in days in warm weather and seedlings develop rapidly.

Cuttings made in summer may form roots and begin vegetative growth within eight weeks. Your Photos.


Phenacetin isolated from Bursera grandifolia, a herbal remedy with antipyretic properties.



Research and Conservation in Southern Sonora, Mexico


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